英语口译综合能力(二级)

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出版社:外文出版社
出版日期:2006-1
ISBN:9787119036298
作者:王立弟
页数:218页

章节摘录

  As the first President of the United States, George Washington contributed much to getting the new government under way. He steered his country on a sure and steady course. John Adams said that Washington was not influenced by any one man. He listened from all sides and was more independent in his thinking than any man Adams knew. But all was not easy, peaceful and free from trouble, even within Washington's own Cabinet.  Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton .did not get along. The tall, red-headed Virginian had little use for the ideas of the smaller, dark-skinned lawyer from New York. The two disagreed on the idea of democracy. Hamilton was against it, Jefferson in favor. They disagreed, too, on which group the national government should support most -farmers, or those who owned factories and businesses.  To Thomas Jefferson, the best America was an America of independent farmers, with little if any cities. Farmers were honest and close to nnature and soil. They were hard-working and could take care of themselves. They needed little help from any government. Cities, to Jefferson, were evil, wicked places. Within their factories, they produced large class of poor people and a miserable way of life. The poor in the cities, said Jefferson, would always need help from the government. "I think our govemment will remain good for many countries" he wrote, "as long as they remain chiefly agricultural. And this will be so as long as there shall be empty lands in any parts of America. When people get crowded together in large cities, as in Europe, our governments will become as corrupt as in Europe. "  To Hamilton, on the other hand, farmers served but two purposes. One was to produce food for people who lived in cities. The other was to produce raw materials such as flax and tobacco for factories. Hamilton's ideal America was one of cities, factories, and trade. He wanted a much stronger national govemment than Jefferson did. And Hamilton wanted that govemment to do all it could to help cities, factories, and trade to grow.  Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed over whether there should be a Bank of the United States. Jefferson was afraid that the Bank would help only merchants and factory owners. That is exactly what Hamilton would hoped that the bank would do. The two men disagreed on whether the United States should help a new government in France, one that had come about as a result of revolution. Jefferson wanted to help France because France had helped the United States in their revolution. Hamilton did not. The whisky tax had been Hamilton's idea. He had persuaded the leaders of Congress to pass the law. Any tax that hit farmers was not to Jefferson's liking. Hamilton rode with Washington against the whisky rebels. Jefferson bitterly opposed the government's action.  Jefferson and Hamilton were strong leaders and each had many followers. As their disagreements grew, so did that between the groups that followed them: This was the beginning of political parties in the United States.  Practice Tests  Sample Test One  Part I  Listen, to the following short passages and then decide whether the corresponding statements are true or false. There are 10 statements in this part of the test, 2 points for each statement.   1. On a global scale, violence kills 1.6 million people a year. It leaves millions more with injuries, disabilities and mental disorders. 'Its causes are complex and its consequences are devastating.  2. In order to provide the latest information about violence, WHO launched the World Report on Violence and Health in 2002. This is the first report to provide a comprehensive view of the magnitude of violence around the world, the factors that lead to violence and, at the same time, the potential that exists to tackle this global public health problem. It provides data from around the world on suicide, child abuse, youth violence, sexual violence, abuse of the elderly, violence between intimate partners and other areas of personal and social conflict.  3. The World Report on Violence and Health has three main goals. The first is to raise awareness of violence as a global public health problem. It is not simply an issue for the police and justice departments, for the military or for international security councils.  4. To find out which types of foods require the most fossil fuels and, as a result, release the most CO2,they considered five different diets. Each equaled 3,774 calories a day, and ranged from the average American diet to red meat, fish, poultry, and vegetarian diets. It came as no surprise to the researchers that the vegetarian diet ranked number one as the most energy efficient, followed by poultry and the average American diet. It did come as a surprise, however, that fish almost was on par with red meat as the least efficient -a large amount of fossil fuel is necessary for long-distance voyages to catch large predatory fishes such as tuna and swordfish. Moreover, salmon farming is not energy efficient.  5. Deaths are only a very small part of the problem of violence. For each death caused by violence, there are many other people who suffer the social, psychological and physical consequences of violence. Nevertheless: when deaths caused by violence are compared with deaths caused by other global public health problems, the importance of violence becomes alarmingly clear.  6. In 2000, there were over 1.6 million deaths due to violence. This is about half the number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS in that year, and about equal to the number of deaths due to tuberculosis. In 2000, violence took more lives than road traffic crashes and malaria.   7. At the broadest level, violence is divided into three major categories: self-directed, interpersonal and collective. So we differentiate between violence a person infects upon himself or herself; violence inflicted by another individual or small group of individuals; and violence inflicted by larger groups or states.  8. When we speak of violence it is important to understand these different categories. However, it is also crucial to understand that they are closely interrelated. Many risk factors are common to all forms of violence. These include alcohol, drugs, firearms and economic and social inequalities. Reducing these risk factors will reduce all types of violence.  9. Facts and figures clearly demonstrate the enormous impact of violence on public health and health systems. But, behind these figures are individuals and human tragedies. Violence of all types has a dramatic effect on the lives of the victims, the perpetrators and their families, often for a lifetime and sometimes for several generations.  10. To begin to tackle the problem of violence, we need to know its magnitude. Contrary to the impression given by the media, the largest number of violent deaths in 2000 was due not to war but to suicide: 815000 cases-or one suicide every forty seconds. Interpersonal violence accounted for 520000 deaths or one murder per minute. There were 310000 deaths directly due to collective violence.  ……

内容概要

王立弟,男,语言学博士,教授,博士生导师,北京外国语大学高级翻译学院院长,大学学术委员会委员,全国翻译专业资格(水平)考试英语专家委员会委员,教育部全国外语翻译证书考试委员会副主任委员,中国翻译协会理事。教授当代西方翻译理论、英汉笔译、汉英口译、语言学导论、高级英语写作和研究方法等研究生课程。主要研究领域:翻译研究,语言学及应用语言学。发表论文“翻译中的知识图式”,“翻译资格考试与翻译培训”等,出版作品《英汉汉英辞典》、《论坛新论》等。

书籍目录

Unit 1 A World in Action Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension  Section Ⅱ Reading:Rebuilding Valuable Soil Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 2 The Inner Self Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension  Section Ⅱ Reading:ArnieS Uphill Climb Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 3 Well-Connected Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:None So Deaf As Those That Will Not Hear Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 4 When,where and how? Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:MonkS Best Friend SectionⅢ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 5 Putting the Horse before the Cart Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:The End of Oil Age Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 6 The Other Side of the Coin Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Carmakers see the future in China Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 7 Lending an Ear to Nunbers Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Sustaining our future Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 8 Being Indirect and Probable Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Re.inking Protectionism Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 9 Speaing in Quotes  Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Light Heavy Lifters Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 10 Speech Acts Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Justice Takes its Time Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 1I Traveling to Other Lands Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:BudapestS Pride of Palace Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit12 The Howers Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:Poppy Glut Brings Crash in Opium Prices Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 13 In Search of Life's Origin Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:The Case for aGrand Bargain Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 14 The Little Guy Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:A New Biofuel from Fruit Sugars Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 15 Stretching the Limits Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:The Child is Father of Patient Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingUnit 16 Getting the Gist Section Ⅰ Listening Comprehension Section Ⅱ Reading:I Google.Therefore I Am Section Ⅲ Speaking up Section Ⅳ Summary WritingSample Test OneSample Test TwoSample Test ThreeSample Test FourSample Test FiveAnswer KeyTranscripts全国翻译专业资格(水平)考试问答

作者简介

本书是专门为全国翻译专业资格(水平)二级口译考试综合考试编写的。综合考试的目的是测试应试者的英语水平和操作能力是否达到专业口译的要求。综合考试分为短篇判断、短篇选择、中篇选择和长篇缩写四项内容,应试者要通过听来完成这几项。显然,要做得好,听力能力一定要很强才行,这也是口译的特点决定的。当然,听力和其它的技能是相辅相成,不能截然分开。试想一下,没有丰富的词汇和语法知识,没有流畅的表达能力,没有很好的阅读和写作能力,要想把口译干得很出色几乎是不可能的。因此,本书针对综合考试的训练和练习既有针对性又有综合性,包括了听说读写诸方面的内容。本书采用的语言材料多取自英语国家的权威刊物、杂志、报章、书籍和国际组织的出版物,内容真实鲜活,语言文字地道流畅,用词简练精确,对学员的语言能力要求也是很高的。这与二级专业口译的要求相一致。做好翻译,要具备多方面的知识。本书在有限的篇幅内提供了涉及政治、经济、科技、法律、能源、社会等方面题材的阅读材料,目的就是扩大学员的知识视野和相关的语言知识。可是,大千世界纷繁复杂、变幻无穷,语言同样也是一个具有丰富创造力的开放系统,任何努力也只能做到沧海之一粟。学员应尽量做到举一反三,以一斑而窥全豹,才能够达到较好的学习效果。    做好翻译除了依赖广博的知识为前提以外,学员要系统地认识和掌握两种语言特别是外语的规律。说到语言知识,人们最容易想到词汇和语法……

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精彩短评 (总计14条)

  •     CATTI备考教材
  •     全国翻译专业资格(水平)考试指定教材
  •     非常新,货发到广州,然后我找人从广州快递过来的,还没有看
  •     很给力,刚好需要。速度快
  •     相当好,马上开始苦练了
  •     此书不错 对学习很有帮助
  •     给同学买的,还不错!
  •     2005~2008年,阅读部分内容
  •     英语口译综合能力
  •     送货及时,商品讲解详细到位
  •     每次都因为练实务而忽视综合这门...书本身值得学习
  •     挺好,实在。
  •     还可以
  •     人事部的还不错,风格
 

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