实用英语词汇学

出版社:北京大学
出版日期:2008-1
ISBN:9787301130001
作者:张华
页数:232页

书籍目录

Chapter 1 English as a global language1.1 The English language today1.1.1 English is a global language1.1.2 Political and economical reasons1.2 The demand for English1.2.1 The use of English1.2.2 The teaching of English1.3 The future of EnglishExercisesChapter 2 Lexicology and basic concepts of words and vocabulary2.1 The definition of English lexicology2.1.1 The domains of English lexicology2.1.2 Methods of studying of lexicology2.2 The definition of word2.3 The definition of vocabulary2.4 Classification of words2.4.1 Full word and form word2.4.2 Popular word and learned word2.4.3 Abstract word and concrete word2.4.4 Transparent word and opaque word2.4.5 Polysemic word and monosemic word2.4.6 Native word and loan wordExercisesChapter 3 The development of the English vocabulary3.1 The world languages3.2 Language classifications3.2.1 Morphological classification3.2.2 Structural classification3.3 Indo-European language family3.4 The historical overview of English vocabulary3.4.1 Old English (450-1150)3.4.2 Middle English (1150-1500)3.4.3 Modern English (1500 up to the present)3.5 Three main sources of new words of the present-day English vocabulary3.5.1 The rapid development of modern science and technology3.5.2 Social, economic, and political changes3.5.3 The influence of other cultures and languages3.6 Modes of the development Of the English vocabulary3.6.1 Creation3.6.2 Semantic change3.6.3 BorrowingExercisesChapter 4 The structure of English words4.1 The morphological structures of words4.1.1 Morphemes4.1.2 Morphs and allomorphs4.2 Types of morphemes4.2.1 Free morphemes4.2.2 Bound morphemes4.3 Root, stem and base4.3.1 Root4.3.2 Stem4.3.3 BaseExercisesChapter 5 Word-formation in English5.1 Affixation5.1.1 Prefixation5.1.2 Suffixation5.2 Compounding5.2.1 Noun compounds5.2.2 Adjective compounds5.2.3 Verb compounds5.3 Conversion5.3.1 Conversion to nouns5.3.2 Conversion to verbs5.3.3 Conversion to adjectives5.4 Blending5.4.1 head+tail5.4.2 head+head5.4.3 head+word5.4.4 word+tail5.5 Clipping5.5.1 Front clipping5.5.2 Back clipping5.5.3 Front and back clipping5.5.4 Phrase dipping5.6 Acronymy5.6.1 Initialisms5.6.2 Acronyms5.7 Back-formation5.7.1 Abstract nouns5.7.2 Human nouns5.7.3 Compound nouns and others5.7.4 AdjectivesExercisesChapter 6 Word meaning6.1 Meaning6.1.1 Analytical (referential) definitions of meaning6.1.2 Operational (contextual) definitions of meaning6.2 Meanings of meaning6.2.1 Reference6.2.2 Concept6.2.3 Sense6.3 Types of motivation6.3.1 Onomatopoeic motivation6.3.2 Morphological motivation6.3.3 Semantic motivation6.3.4 Etymological motivation6.4 Types of meaning6.4.1 Grammatical meaning6.4.2 Lexical meaning6.4.3 Conceptual meaning6.4.4 Associative meaningExercisesChapter 7 Sense relations7.1 Polysemy7.1.1 Two approaches to polysemy7.1.2 Two Processes of development7.2 Homonymy7.2.1 Types of homonyms7.2.2 Origins of homonyms7.3 Synonymy7.3.1 Sources of synonyms7.3.2 Discrimination of synonyms7.3.3 Association and collocation7.4 Antonymy7.4.1 Types of antonyms7.4.2 Characteristics of antonyms and the use of antonyms7.5 Metonyms7.6 Retronyms7.7 Hyponymy7.7.1 Superordinate and subordinate terms7.7.2 Effect of them in use7.8 Semantic features7.8.1 Semantic property7.8.2 Semantic featureExercisesChapter 8 Changes in word meaning8.1 Can meaning change?8.2 Types of changes8.2.1 Extension8.2.2 Narrowing8.2.3 Elevation8.2.4 Degradation8.2.5 Euphemism8.3 Causes of changes8.3.2 Extraqinguistic factorsExercisesChapter 9 Meaning and context9.1 Types of context9.1.1 Linguistic context9.1.2 Extra-linguistic context9.2 Clues for inferring word meaning in context9.2.1 Definition9.2.2 Explanation9.2.3 Example9.2.4 Synonymy9.2.5 Antonymy9.2.6 Hyponymy9.2.7 Relevant details9.2.8 Word structure (Word-formation)ExercisesChapter 10 English dictionaries10.1 The development of dictionaries10.1.1 The origins of the English dictionary10.1.2 The first English dictionaries10.1.3 Modern English dictionaries10.2 Types of dictionaries10.2.1 Monolingual and bilingual dictionaries10.2.2 General-purpose and specific-purpose dictionaries10.3 Using a dictionary10.3.1 The dictionary entry10.3.2 Spelling10.3.3 Pronunciation10.3.4 Parts of speech and inflected forms of words10.3.5 Labels10.3.6 The definition10.3.7 Etymology10.3.8 SynonymsExercisesKeys to Exercises附录一 英语词汇学术语表附录二 词汇表附录三 希腊、拉丁词根和词缀(一)希腊、拉丁词根(二)希腊、拉丁词缀References

编辑推荐

  本教程分十个章节较全面地介绍了英语词汇学的系统知识,包括英语作为全球化语言的国际地位、词汇学涉及的基本概念、英语词汇的发展、英语词的结构、构词法、词的意义、意义关系、词义的变化、意义与语境以及英语词典。通过教程的学习,同学们可以对英语词汇有一个较全面的了解,对英语历史文化有一个基本的认识。这些系统知识对扩大词汇量、把握英语词汇学习和使用规则有很大帮助。

作者简介

《实用英语词汇学》为北京大学立项教材,是大学英语四级学习后的拓展教材。书中全面地介绍了英语词汇学的系统知识,包括英语作为全球化语言的国际地位、词汇学涉及的基本概念、英语词汇的发展、拉丁和希腊词根词缀、英语词的结构、构词法、词义的变化、意义与语境等。每章后有相当量的练习,以帮助学生扩大词汇量、把握英语词汇的学习和使用。

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精彩短评 (总计3条)

  •     后面那个词根词缀表相当有用
  •     教材一般,课很赞很实用
  •     还行
 

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